Brinkie's Brae

Bryce Wilson's mermaid illustration from Tom Muir's Orkney folk tales, The Mermaid Bride.

Folk wisdom says that if you climb Brinkie's Brae on May Day and bathe your face in the morning dew, it will make you comely.

Hey, it might work.

But even if it doesn't, you'll see things like this ....

View of the Hoy Hills from Brinkie's Brae, Stromness, Orkney

Or sometimes, this ....

(To be honest, I've only seen this the one time.)

Performing artists Ocean All Over in Stromness, Orkney, Scotland

Under Brinkie's Brae 

I have special affection for the heathery brae overlooking Stromness.

Long ago - years before I came to Orkney - I read a collection of George Mackay Brown's weekly column, Under Brinkie's Brae. I immediately fell in love with the place and the people in his reminiscences.

Misty view of Stromness, Orkney, from the brae

I'd never have guessed that one day I'd be living under that same brae, in the very place George so lovingly described.

Who was Brinkie, anyway?

This is hotly debated.

Brinkie could have been a person, of course. But among other speculations, George Mackay Brown wondered if  the word might have come from an Old Norse word meaning fire.

Curiously, "Brinki" is also an old Icelandic word for a steep hill.

The brae in winter, Stromness, Orkney

Our friend Bryce Wilson says, "Nobody knows who ‘Brinkie’ was, but Brinkie’s Brae was originally the Ward Hill, where in historic times a fire might be lit to signal danger."

Yes - just like that soul-stirring beacon fire scene in Lord of the Rings. They really did that!

The ward fire might have been lit just about here ....

Girls on the trig point atop the brae Stromness, Orkney

This walk is not difficult - just a bit steep at the beginning of the footpath if you start from Downie's Lane.

It can be boggy in areas, and I definitely don't recommend it on a very windy day. 

Brinkie’s Brae & the Sofa Stone 

courtesy of

Stromness historian Bryce Wilson

The granite dyke that patterns Brinkie’s Brae is two centuries old, built by the Royal Ninth Veterans who were sent north to guard Orkney from invasion during the Napoleonic Wars.

Stone dykes on the brae, built during the Napoleonic Wars - Stromness, Orkney, Scotland

By the dyke rests the Sofa Stone, a huge granite boulder, on which to sit and enjoy an incomparable view of the South Isles of Orkney, and Scapa Flow. 

The Stone Sofa - Stromness, Orkney, Scotland
Sign for the stone sofaLook for this sign on your right as you make your way up the Brinkie's Brae walking path.

A century ago a visiting student, Maynard Keynes (who would go on to be an economist of world renown) wrote to a friend: ‘The view above this town is of the Bay of Naples and the Island of Capri.’

Woman takes in view from the brae above Stromness

A place to rest and enjoy the view

In the interest of fully inhabiting your experience on Brinkie's Brae, you might want to have a rest on the lovely stone bench so thoughtfully provided, and reflect on poem that you'll find carved into a stone near your feet.

This beautiful site was created by three local artists.

I'd always assumed that the haiku was written by George Mackay Brown until Yvonne Gray, who wrote the haiku, told me the story: 

Stone bench and haiku, Stromness, Orkney, Scotland

The association of George with Brinkie’s Brae is so strong, it seems a very easy & natural assumption to make. When I was up there, thinking about what to write, that association was almost inescapable and in my own mind, the larksong in the first line of haiku was a reference to George’s work as well as to the actual larksong up there. The second and third lines were meant to be a turning  to the potential of what was coming, positive aspects of change in the landscape & town below.

It all came about through a project devised by the Scapa Flow Landscape Partnership completed in 2012. Frances Pelly designed the bench & made a maquette; George Louttit built it & the adjacent wall from quarried stone & shore stones, with help from some friends in hauling the stone. I was commissioned to write the poem.

I tried to write something that gave a sense of the place & of the changing nature of the town below. The new marina was there by then of course but there were other changes going on in the harbour area - in particular work was just beginning on Copland’s Dock. Frances carved the haiku on the large curved stone & then the initials of all those involved in the project & the date it was completed on a smaller stone which lies close by - SFLP (Scapa Flow Landscape Partnership), FP, GL, YG 2012. 

Haiku by Orkney poet Yvonne Gray carved in stone on the brae above Stromness

This sweet place of remembrance awaits weary pilgrims, inviting us to pause and reflect.

Brinkie's Brae - one time abode of weather witch, Bessie Millie

Shall I just let Sir Walter Scott speak for himself?

At the village of Stromness ... lived an aged dame, called Bessie Millie, who helped out her subsistence by selling favourable winds to mariners.

He was a venturous master of a vessel who left the roadstead of Stromness without paying his offering to propitiate Bessie Millie; her fee was extremely moderate, being exactly sixpence, for which, as she explained herself, she boiled her kettle and gave the bark advantage of her prayers, for she disclaimed all unlawful arts. The wind thus petitioned for was sure, she said, to arrive, though occasionally the mariners had to wait some time for it ....

The author goes on to add some rather uncomplimentary personal details about poor, old Bessie ....

She herself was, as she told us, nearly one hundred years old, withered and dried up like a mummy. A clay-coloured kerchief, folded round her head, corresponded in colour to her corpse-like complexion. Two light-blue eyes that gleamed with a lustre like that of insanity, an utterance of astonishing rapidity, a nose and chin that almost met together, and a ghastly expression of cunning, gave her the effect of Hecaté .... Such was Bessie Millie, to whom the mariners paid a sort of tribute, with a feeling betwixt jest and earnest.


Notes from Sir Walter Scott’s ‘The Pirate’, 1822.

"Better safe than sorry" seems to have been the common sentiment of the day.

View of Stromness harborThe long-ago view of the harbor from Bessie's home looked much like this, but with very different sailing vessels anchored in the bay.

Bessie Millie lived somewhere on Brinkie's Brae, though no one knows exactly where. She offered her prayers, mixed with a little artistic flim-flam, to call up fair winds for sailors ... as long as they first climbed the brae and paid her fee.

And the winds always came, though - as Sir Walter humorously noted - sometimes the sailors had to wait quite  a while for them.

Listen to Tom's story of the weather witches of Stromness.

The granite quarry - trysting place for lovers?

Near George's stone bench is an old granite quarry. The fledgling venture never took off, but the attempt left a gouge in the granite that makes a nice shelter. Bryce and his friends used to play here as children.

Old granite quarry on the brae, Stromness

It's rumored that the quarry also served as a lover's trysting place.

It doesn't look very comfortable. I think it makes a better place for a picnic.

This is the book you want 

If you want to read more stories about Stromness, you'll want this book. It's written by lifelong Stromnesian and historian, Bryce Wilson.

Stromness, a History, by Stromnesian Bryce Wilson, Orkney Islands

Click the cover to purchase Bryce's lovely book.

Of interest for geocachers and trigpoint enthusiasts ...

The big concrete thing at the top of the brae is a trig point, which will interest those who like to collect them.

Trig point 1639, Stromness

I don't know much about geocaching, but supposedly there's one somewhere on the brae - a tiny one in an old film canister. Good luck!

Horseplay at trig point on the brae above StromnessYou can always torture a sister if you get tired of looking for the geocache.

Please remember the country courtesies:

  • Enjoy the flowers, take photos if you like, and leave them happily growing.
  • Close any gate that you open.
  • Keep dogs on leashes, since livestock will sometimes be grazing and hoards of rabbits live on the brae. 
  • Please keep the brae pristine by cleaning up after doggy-friends.
Stony ground on the brae - Stromness, Orkney, ScotlandWatch out for tripping hazards - stones hide under the thick, mossy grass.

Cute things people do with stones

It's so fun to stumble upon artful creations that visitors make from stone. 

A name spelled out in stones on the brae, Stromness
Stone seat fashioned from rubble on the brae - Stromness, Orkney, ScotlandA stone throne, which someone kindly fashioned out of the rubble at the top.

Like our ancient ancestors, we humans seem to have an irresistible urge to leave messages for others as we pass through life. 

Some of these messages, we're still puzzling over.

Ring of Brodgar, Orkney, Scotland

Hellihole Well

Here's one last place you can visit on the way back to Stromness, if you walk back to town along Brownstown Road.

Hellihole (Haley Hole) well, Stromness, Orkney, Scotland

The Haley Hole (from an Old Norse word meaning "holy", which eventually transformed to Hellihole) was once a place of pilgrimage for those suffering from various health ailments.

The water of the well tests high in mineral content. Sadly, it's not fit to drink in its current state.

Hellihole Road in Stromness is named for the route people took when heading for this well. Once thought to be holy, the water from this well was later viewed as a health treatment.

View inside Hellihole (Haley Hole) well, Stromness, Orkney, Scotland

You'll see the mineral well on Brownstown Road, near the Stromness community garden. The community garden blog has more information.

* Many thanks to Bryce Wilson for sharing his stories about Brinkie's Brae.

Have a great hike!

Brinkie's Brae walking map


Some of the routes that I've highlighted in this map are actual walking paths. Others are informal, rougher ways. At any point there may be tripping hazards - ditches, rabbit holes or stones hidden under the grass. Please take your time, step carefully and enjoy the glorious view.

More peedie adventures

More pages to help you get off the beaten path in Orkney ...

  • Dingieshowe, Orkney - Beautiful Beach and Viking Thing Site

    Where can you go to the beach and visit a Viking Thing site at the same time? In Orkney, of course. Let storyteller and historian Tom Muir tell you the stories of Dingieshowe, including a trowie tale!

  • Egilsay and Wyre - Follow in the Footsteps of Vikings

    Experience authentic Orkney away from the crowds. Visit the less-traveled islands of Egilsay and Wyre, ancient dwelling place of Viking chieftain Kolbein Hrúga, and witness to the long-ago murder of Orkney's St Magnus. We'll tell you the story and show you how to get there.

  • Cuween Hill Chambered Cairn - Our Favorite Orkney Tomb

    Imagine being one of the first humans in millennia to step inside an early Neolithic village below Orkney's Cuween HIll Cairn. Tom Muir was there. Let his stories bring this chambered tomb to life. Then experience the wonder for yourself.

Brinkie's Brae, Stromness, Orkney Islands, Scotland.

Mermaid image (Rhonda's pages) and storyteller image (Tom's pages), and all other illustrations except where noted are here by the courtesy of our dear friend - Stromness author, artist and historian, Bryce Wilson MBE, who owns all copyrights. Thanks, Bryce!

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